Members: Devon Meyer, Branton Leskiw, Marco Garcia, Corey Doucette, Kaitlyn bailey, Neilly, Heber Garcia, Kurt, Dan Ip, Alyssa Anderson.
ROADS AND THEIR MAJOR ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS
Richard T. T. Forman and Lauren E. Alexander
Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138
This article discusses the effects of our current roadway system to the biodiversity, hydrology and erosion effects of the areas that surround it. The species of plants along the side of the road are not severely affected by it. But these roadways divide habitats, which prohibit animals to go from place to place safely. Road maintenance such as mowing reduces the number of possible population of species around the road. Road vehicles kill many terrestrial vertebrates and other rare species of animals. Animals avoid roadways because of the noises that are produced by the vehicles. This creates large zones on both sides of the road exhibiting lower breeding densities and reduced biodiversity compared to natural undisturbed habitats. Roads accelerate water flow, which in turn raises flood levels, and degrade aquatic ecosystems. Road runoff carries chemicals and other substances that can harm species in nearby streams and ponds. Wildlife overpasses and underpasses are built along with fencing and vegetation to mitigate the effects of roads to the natural horizontal processes of the land.
The Future of Roads: No Driving, No Emissions, Nature Reconnected
Problems with the current road network:
Barrier to wildlife movement
Ditch water and groundwater
This article discusses a new potential way of transportation called the “Netway System”. This new system involves elevated roads and belowground subway-type of roadways. In this system there will be no collisions, no road kills and no emissions. Pods will be holding the passenger and will be remote-controlled by a control-center. The netway system includes bike lanes, pathways for pedestrians and an emergency lane. There will be different sizes of pods that are intended to carry different sizes of loads such as personal pods, public pods, pod buses, freight pods and pod trucks. As technologies advance, the plausibility of such seemingly extravagant change in transportation will increase. This is just a spark for the other great minds to think bigger and much more efficient when it comes to the future of transportation.
Either elevated or underground.
Pods and Stations.
No more collisions, no more road kills.
What are the possible downside of the Netway System?
Both options would be expensive. Both elevated and underground roadways could
Would the negative effects of the current road system get so severe that we would implement the Netway System?
Yes, a lot of evidence and studies suggest that it will be long before we let go of our fossil fuel thirsty transportation system.
What suggestions do you have for reconnecting the land to nature?
Would you accept the Netway System if it is implemented?
Yes, I believe that the technologies involved in this project will advance enough that the cost will drop and effectiveness will increase which in turn would make Netway only way we will move around in the future.
Forman, Richard, T., and Daniel Sperling. “The Future of Roads: No Driving, No Emissions, Nature Reconnected.”Solutions 2, no. 5 (2011): 10-23.
Forman, Richard T., and Lauren E. Alexander. “Roads and their Major Ecological Effects”. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29 (1998): 207-231.